Sick People Take Medications - Healthy People Are Drug-Free
By John McDougall
The goal of every doctor should be to help make his or her patients drug-free by teaching them to become healthy. Unfortunately, most doctors know only drug-therapy for patients’ problems and the result is fat and sick people carrying around bags full of prescriptions – and they are not one speck healthier or happier. (And you wonder why so many doctors complain about the practice of medicine these days. How would you feel if all of your projects ended in failure?)
To make matters worse, well-intentioned doctors are making their prescription decisions based upon fraudulent and incomplete information paid for by pharmaceutical companies – blind to the suffering of their customers; these businesses manipulate the research studies in order to boost sales. You should not be surprised by this, after all, pharmaceutical companies are in the business of profiting from your sickness and, as a result of their efforts, they are considered among the most successful of all businesses worldwide.
Drug companies spend billions of dollars and employ thousands of people to try to demonstrate the slightest benefits from their products. From the beginning, the “investigations” used to sell their products are designed so that the results will turn out favorable – why not? They are paying for the project. And if the results do not turn out as expected, then these companies bury any research findings that weigh negatively upon their products.1 The US government turns a blind eye to these shenanigans. According to top researchers, we can no longer rely upon the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for protection from useless and dangerous drugs, since this organization acts essentially as a tool for the pharmaceutical industries.2
All this dishonesty is very profitable; $154.4 billion dollars was spent by consumers in one year (2001) on medications that in many cases do more harm than good – and prescription drug spending rises 15% to 18% per year.3 All the while, hopeful patients are lulled into believing they will be saved by these miracle potions. If the truth were to be known, more of these same ill people would take matters into their own hands and save themselves with a healthy diet, some exercise, and clean habits, rather than waiting to be saved by “technological breakthroughs.” When was the last miracle drug invented? Penicillin discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming? Viagra discovered in 1991 by Nicholas Terrett? Most new drugs released to the marketplace are simply copies of older drugs with minor variations to allow a new patent.
Most Drugs on the Market Are Useless and Harmful
People running the drug companies are aware of the fraudulent nature of their business. According to Allen Roses, Vice President of GlaxoSmithKline, one of the world’s leading pharmaceutical companies, “Vast majority of drugs only work in 30 or 50% of people.”4 When he says “work,” I assume he is giving credit for even the slightest positive change, and not talking about resolving the patients’ illnesses – because essentially 100% of the drugs used to treat chronic diseases fail to cure the patient. Yet, the language used by pharmaceutical companies to promote their products might cause you to think otherwise. They refer to their drugs in ways that suggest their inventions commonly cure chronic diseases, by calling their products, “antihypertensive” and “antidiabetic” – as if these chemicals would eradicate hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes – maybe something like antibiotics kill bacteria and cure infections. The truth is, no doctor has ever seen a patient cured of high blood pressure or diabetes with either class of medication, no matter how much they might wish it to be otherwise. By and large, drugs do little, if anything, to improve the well-being and/or longevity of people suffering with chronic diseases, but are undeniably a direct source of death, disability and suffering.
Approximately 2 to 7 % of all hospital admissions are caused by medications prescribed to patients, and approximately 70% of these incidences are judged as preventable.5,6 Approximately 28% of all emergency department visits are a result of taking prescription drugs.7 The drugs most commonly implicated are: NSAIDs, antiplatelets, seizure medications, antidiabetic drugs, antihypertensives (diuretics and beta-blockers), inhaled corticosteroids, and cardiac drugs.
FDA Official Warns Us about Five Medications
On Thursday, November 19, 2004, David Graham, associate science director of the Office of Drug Safety, told a US Senate hearing that FDA agency officials "ostracized" him and subjected him to "veiled threats" when he tried to have his study cleared for publication on the hazards of Vioxx.8 Based on the results of Merck's own clinical trials, Graham said “between 88,000 and 139,000 Americans had probably had heart attacks or strokes as a result of taking Vioxx, and that 30 to 40 percent had probably died.” He described the FDA as incapable of stopping dangerous drugs from coming to and staying on the market and that the FDA's role in reviewing and approving new drugs sometimes conflicted with its duty to address safety issues.
He told the Senate that five other widely used drugs should be either withdrawn or sharply restricted because they have dangerous side effects.
McDougall’s “Five Dangerous Categories of Drugs”
Totaling more than $30 Billion in Annual Sales
Note: All five of the following medications increase the risk of dying from heart disease and many of my patients have taken all five at the same time in the past.
As a board-certified internist for more than 30 years, taking care of mostly adults with chronic diseases, I realize that medications can be useful, and occasionally lifesaving. My decisions that lead to prescribing are based on the scientific research published in the medical journals. As I explained above, this information has been so severely compromised by the pharmaceutical companies that I look upon any research that appears favorable to high-profit drugs with skepticism. However, when research repeatedly criticizes any of the “billion-dollar-medications,” then I know the condemning evidence must be overwhelming. Based on what I have learned, there are five categories of medication I never prescribe. (If you are taking any of these medications, I encourage you to talk to your doctor about stopping them and/or substituting with a safer choice.)
1. Sulfonylureas for Type-2 Diabetics:
Sulfonylureas are used for type-2 diabetes because they lower the blood sugar level by stimulating insulin secretion by the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone which lowers the blood sugar level.
Why I will not prescribe them:
Since 1972 the Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR) has warned that these drugs will increase your risk of dying from heart disease by 2 ½ times over taking no medication at all. The mechanisms for causing this harm are well-known.9 In a recent study, these “antidiabetic agents” have been shown to more than double the risk of heart attacks and almost triple the risk of early death in patients after an angioplasty.10 They cause an average weight gain of 8 to 20 pounds when the drugs are started. 11 Most importantly, they do not make patients live longer or healthier.
Examples of Commonly Prescribed Medications: Amaryl, DiaBeta, Diabinese, Glucotrol, Glucovance, and Metaglip.
2. Calcium Channel Blockers for Hypertension:
Calcium channel blockers are also called “calcium antagonists” and “calcium blockers.” They may decrease the heart's pumping strength and relax blood vessels, and are commonly used to treat high blood pressure, angina (chest pain), and some arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms).
Why I will not prescribe them:
They increase the risk of dying from heart disease, cancer (and especially breast cancer), and suicide.12-16 They can cause excessive bleeding.17 Simpler, safer, and cheaper medications, such as diuretics and beta blockers are available.18,19 Like other blood pressure-lowering medications, they have done very little, if anything, to reduce the risk of heart attacks, and far too little to reduce the risk of strokes.
Examples of Commonly Prescribed Medications: Adalat, Cardene, Cardizem, Covera-HS, DynaCirc, Isoptin, Nimotop, Norvasc, Plendil, Procardia, Sular, Tiazac, Verelan.
3. Medroxyprogesterone for Menopause:
Medroxyprogesterone is a progestin, which means it acts like the female hormone progesterone, but it is synthetic, and therefore, able to be patented. Most commonly this hormone is used in the treatment of menopausal symptoms.
Why I will not prescribe them:
These medications increase the risk of heart attacks, stroke, breast cancer, pulmonary emboli, and blood clots.20 Natural progesterone works as well without an increased risk of heart attacks, strokes or breast cancer.
Examples of Commonly Prescribed Medications: Amen, Cycrin, Premphase, Prempro, Provera.
4. Cox-2 Inhibitors for Arthritis Pain:
COX-2 inhibitors are newly developed drugs for inflammation and pain, such as are found with arthritis. They selectively block the COX-2 enzyme, thus reducing the production of small hormones, called prostaglandins. Because they selectively block the COX-2 enzyme and not the COX-1 enzyme, these drugs are uniquely different from traditional NSAIDs (like Motrin and Advil), which block both kinds of enzymes. By not blocking Cox-1, damage to the esophagus and stomach is reduced.
Why I will not prescribe them:
Cox-2 inhibitor NSAIDs have been shown to increase the chances of having a heart attack by 2 to 5 times.21 They are no more effective at relieving pain than aspirin or regular NSAIDs (like Motrin or Advil). The manufacturer of Celebrex remains steadfast that its medication is innocent of this deadly side effect.
Examples of Commonly Prescribed Medications: Celebrex, Betrax, and Vioxx. Vioxx was recently withdrawn from the market.
5. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers for Hypertension or Heart Disease:
Angiotensin is a hormone found in the body that causes blood vessels to constrict, resulting in high blood pressure and extra work on the heart. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs), also called Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists, prevent angiotensin from binding to its receptor in the walls of the blood vessels. This results in a lower blood pressure. These medications are often prescribed because they are less likely to cause a chronic cough than medications called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, which also work on the “angiotensin system” to control high blood pressure.
Why I will not prescribe them:
Careful evaluation of the current evidence shows that angiotensin receptor blockers (unlike angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) increase the rates of myocardial infarction (heart attacks) despite their beneficial effects on reducing blood pressure.22
Examples of Commonly Prescribed Medications: Cozaar, Benicar, Diovan, Avapro, Micardis, Teveten, Hyzaar, and Atacand.
Drugs I Occasionally Prescribe
I am a real medical doctor with a prescription pad and my obligation to each of my patients is to provide them the best that medical science has to offer. In actual practice, for every new drug I prescribe, I stop, on average, ten medications. The three reasons I take people off their medications are:
1) They never needed them in the first place. The medication is doing nothing for the benefit of the patient. For example, many people have been prescribed blood pressure medications for blood pressure readings too low to show any real benefits (below 160/100 mm Hg), and thus, there is no indication to treat them based on the research.23
2) The medication is doing more harm than good. For example, most diabetic pills for type-2 diabetics.
3) After a change in diet, some additional exercise, and cleaner habits, the indication for the medication has been eliminated. (See the extensive list of “easily treated diseases” below.)
I use “statins” often because they are well-tolerated, and somewhat effective. I prefer Pravachol (pravastatin) because of its safety record – it is not known to cause muscle damage. Plus, there is good evidence that this medication is much more effective at preventing heart attacks than the other statins.24 These benefits may be due to the physical properties of this medication which prevent it from entering the cells – its action is all outside of the body’s cells. I do, however, prescribe most of the other statins, like Lipitor, Mevacor, Zocor, etc. – usually because this is the one the patient’s insurance company pays for.
I also use niacin (usually as an extended release form, like Niaspan); often along with agents that bind cholesterol in the intestine and cause it to leave the body. These are called cholestyramine (Questran) and colestipol (Colestid). (See my February 2003 newsletter article: “Niacin - A Time Honored Treatment for Cholesterol and Triglycerides.”)
My goal is to use sufficient medication to lower the cholesterol below 150 mg/dl (and the LDL-cholesterol below 80 mg/dl). Learn more about this treatment from my June 2003 newsletter article, “Cleaning Out Your Arteries.”
Prevention of a Second Heart Attack:
One baby aspirin (81 mg) daily offers more benefits than risks in people with a history of serious heart disease (bypass surgery, angioplasty, or heart attack).25 Those without this history of heart disease may suffer far more harm (bleeding) than benefit from taking aspirin. More than 81 mg of aspirin is less effective and has more side effects. I also use baby aspirin for people with a high risk for stroke.
Blood Pressure Lowering Medications:
I use beta blockers and/or diuretics, because they are as effective as any other kind of medication used to lower blood pressure.18,19 Mostly importantly, the slight reduction in the risk of strokes achieved by lowering blood pressure is as good with these simple drugs as that seen with the newer, more expensive, medications. Diuretics and beta-blockers cost pennies to buy (as opposed to dollars for one dose for the others) and because they have been used for more than 40 years, their side effects are very well-known. I use sufficient medication to keep the diastolic BP between 85 and 100 mmHg. BP lowered below 85 mmHg with medication increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. (See my July 2004 newsletter article: “Over-treat Your Blood Pressure and You Could Die Sooner.”)
Blood sugar-lowering medications:
For type-1 diabetics I use only insulin.
For type-2 diabetics I use enough insulin to keep them from losing too much weight and to control symptoms of frequent urination and excessive thirst. With some reluctance I will use Glucophage. The evidence on the results of treating blood sugars for type-2 diabetics with medications shows much harm and little good is done. The risk of dying from heart disease appears to be increased and there is no convincing evidence that blindness and kidney disease are reduced. Furthermore, most treatments cause the patient to gain weight, which may aggravate their diabetes. (See my February 2004 newsletter article: “Type-2 Diabetes – the Expected Adaptation to Overnutrition.”)
I like aspirin and Tylenol. However, inexpensive over-the-counter NSAIDs, like Motrin and Advil, are also fine for occasional use. For severe pain, narcotics are useful, but addicting, over the long term.
Relief of indigestion (Gastritis)
Wafer antacids (like Tums) or liquids. Use of simple, over-the-counter antacid pills, like Tagamet or Zantac – used only as needed, not daily. Changing to a healthy diet and raising the head of the bed are of the most help. (See my February and March 2002 lead newsletter articles.)
Colds and Flu:
Pains and fever: aspirin (not for children) and Tylenol.
Cough: Syrups with dextromethorphan (DM).
Nasal congestion: Nasalcrom spray, Afrin nasal spray, and Sudafed tablets.
(See my October 2003 newsletter article: “Surviving the Cold Season.”)
Chronic allergies and asthma:
Inhaled steroids and bronchodilators. Raising the head of the bed and a diet change are very helpful. (See my February 2002 newsletter article: “My Stomach's on Fire and I Can't Put It Out.”)
Menopausal Symptoms and for reversal of bone loss:
Estradiol and/or natural progesterone mixed in creams and applied to the skin. My goals are relief of symptoms and stabilization of the bones. (See the “McDougall Program for Women” book.)
Topical and systemic antibiotics along with proper wound care.
There are many other medications I am called upon to prescribe or renew, but these represent very special indications and apply to very few of my patients.
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